HARDSCAPE (natural and recycled alternatives)
Living Driveway - Living driveways are built from cement or hard
plastic beehive-type cells. Within the cells are planted numerous
plants that bring the driveway of any house alive with flowers
and sweet aromas. A living driveway has greater porosity than
a concrete or asphalt driveway, therefore improving the drainage
of the site
Living Roofs/Steps - Living roof technology is the urban center
dream. It incorporates native grasses, succulents, and even edible
plants to a roof design, increasing efficient heating and cooling.
A living roof may serve as a means for feeding a household with
fresh produce grown locally maximizing garden space. Living steps
use the same technology as the living driveway increasing porosity
Patios and Pathways - Terra Novas patios and pathways are made
of natural and recycled materials, minimizing the use of nonrenewable
resources. Our patios are set without the use of concrete leaving
planting pockets available between each stone.
Permeable Driveway - Permeable driveways utilize a technology
that allows homeowners to have a concrete driveway without high
amounts of runoff during rains. The concrete is porous and allows
water to filter slowly through it, keep water onsite and help
recharge the groundwater tables.
Ponds/Waterfalls /Flow Form - Our ponds reflect the patterns
of nature and will enhance the beauty of any landscape. Terra
Novas ponds use natural filtration systems and greatly reduce
the need for chemical water treatments. They help increase the
landscapes vitality by creating habitat for pollinators and wildlife.
Waterfalls and Flowforms are water features usually incorporated
into our pond designs to create a soothing and relaxing atmosphere
while helping the pond naturally oxygenate and clean itself. The
inclusion of water features in a landscape play a large part in
completing a functional system.
Living/Constructed - Living fences are a natural way of creating
visual and physical boundaries for your landscape. Our living
fences may include espaliered apples and pears, roses, vines,
nopales, or whatever else you may imagine. Our constructed fences
are built from bamboo, recycled or salvaged redwood materials.
Dry Creek Bed - Dry creek beds composed of river cobbles of various
sizes are used to add dimension or artistic flow to a landscape.
The creek beds are also designed to help channel intermittent
water flow from sources such as gutters for better dispersion
and percolation of water within the landscape.
French Drains/ Burms - Drainage is a concern in many landscapes
throughout the Central Coast due to its potential for winter inundations.
Due to proximity of houses to each other and radical slopes between
them, as well as different soil types and ground water levels,
drainage management is always a main focus in our landscape design
efforts. Terra Novas drainage management installations including
French drains, swales, burms, roof water and grey water branched
drainage may be designed to collect and redirect house and storm
water into the landscape reducing erosion, your water bill and
irrigation needs. Terra Nova also installs Sump pumps used to
redirect mismanaged runoff and unwanted pooling under house foundations
or in yards
Grey water - The water that leaves via sink, shower, and laundry
drain, contaminated by a few drops of soap is Grey water. Reusing
grey water in the garden reduces pollution and the strain on sewage
and septic systems while saving money and energy on irrigation
systems. Garden plants and soil organisms gratefully accept the
watery part of grey water, and eagerly consume the solid and dissolved
contents as food. Routing grey water through a landscape is the
best way of completing the homes energy cycle.
SOFTSCAPE (Plantings, etc.)
Native Plantings - Use of indigenous plants that are regionally
specific, grown by native plant nurseries to
Erosion Control - Techniques are used to bind loose soils to
prevent sediment loss. Grasses are installed in conjunction with
erosion control fabrics such as coconut fiber, jute netting, mulching,
and silt fences for controlling run-off
Edible Landscapes (Food Forest - Terra Novas food forest installations
are designed to increase the owner's independence and interaction
with their garden. Food forests not only are ascetically wonderful
but useful as well incorporating beauty and function. We use perennial
and annual vegetables, vines and fruit trees mixed with native
and exotic flowers.
Flower/Herb Lawn - A revolutionary concept enhancing the beauty
and fragrance of your lawn area while decreasing the need for
irrigation and maintenance. There are a variety of plants used
for lawns that may also be harvested for culinary and medicinal
Swales - An ecological designed garden is one that captures,
holds, and recycles rainwater functioning as a completely closed
system feeding the landscape without wasting well or city water.
One of the ways Terra Nova achieves this is by creating swales,
which are shallow trenches laid out level along the land's contours.
Medicinal Herb Gardens - Medicine gardens designed for your specific
herbal needs that are grown in your own yard and are prescribed
by licensed herbalist and acupuncturists. We teach you how to
make medicinal tinctures and salves to prepare in your house.
Drip, Lawn - Terra Nova uses water-conserving techniques. Our
systems are fully self-operating and can be utilized throughout
any landscape. Terra Nova focuses on the installation of easily
maintained surface drip irrigation systems.
Compost Bins/Worm Bins - Every garden must have a compost heap.
This is the ideal way to return as much organic matter as possible
to the soil, following nature's example. A compost bin is designed
to contain the organic matter in a consolidated place within a
garden. The constructed compost bin helps to facilitate the stacking
of material that needs to take place for successful heating and
decomposition of the organic matter. The compost bins may be constructed
of many different salvaged or recycled materials. Worm bins are
constructed from similar materials as the compost bins. Worm bins
are also built to hold organic garden matter, but are designed
to create an environment for the worms that are added to the bins
to help expedite the decomposition process.
Chai/Mini Fir Bark - Mulch is the organic material placed over
the soil that serves various functions. It may reduce evaporation
of moisture from the soil, reduce or prevent weed growth, insulate
soil from extreme or rapid changes of temperature, protect falling
fruit from injury, or simply make a garden bed or yard look tidy.
At Terra Nova we specialize in the application of mulch made from
organically-grown and produced chai. This mulch not only serves
the above listed functions but also has a rich Aroma and varies
in color from blond to reddish-brown. Terra Nova acquires the
Chai Mulch from local Chai producers to reduce waste and stack
functions. The Chai mulch is low in caffeine and contains, ginger,
cinnamon, clove, cardamom, licorice root, orange peel and black
tea. We also apply mulch derived from Fir bark and mulch of Composted
horse manure. The Composted manure is used as a top dressing to
the soil and also mixed with the soil when planting because of
its richness in necessary plant nutrients.
Ecological Terracing - The features managing hillsides to transform
unused slope areas into useful and productive planting areas,
terracing, preventing erosion and increasing useable space. Using
urbanite or fieldstones, we dry stack the stones to minimize material
Integrated Pest Management
Vermicompost Tea - Tea brewed from worm castings is sprayed either
as a foliar spray or ground soak to increase fruit production,
soil, plant and lawn health, and disease prevention.
Functional Garden Art
Birdbaths - By adding functional garden art such as birdbaths
to your garden, you can also increase fertilization and help naturally
control the pests.
Cob Ovens - Ovens built out of earthen materials cook pizza,
bread, and other foods. Kids love the ovens and they are a party
Garden Benches (Living, Cob, Recycled) - Garden benches are not
only functional but also can add artistic beauty and a focal point
to a landscape. Terra Nova builds garden benches from recycled
material such as Urbanite, Brick, or a combination of similar
materials that may be built freestanding or into the land contours.
We also build benches using cob and living benches out of live
Herb Spiral - Three dimensional spiraling garden bed designed
to maximize space and water usage to create microclimates. Herb
Spirals may consist of culinary, medicinal, or other combinations
of herbs. The design of Herb Spirals facilitates easy harvesting
and well placed can be an extension of the kitchen. They are fun
for kids and also educational.
Living Willow Furniture & Play - The garden art that keeps
on growing. Willow stakes can be continuously shaped to grow and
form many different sturdy structures.
Mushroom Logs - Old logs placed in shaded areas of a garden can
be inoculated with mycelium from various types of exotic and deliciously
edible mushrooms. With a little time and space we can all grow
our own Shitakes.
Outdoor Garden Shower - Terra Nova incorporates functional artwork
within every garden and landscape we design. Terra Nova installs
outdoor showers built from bamboo, fieldstones and other interesting
Raised Beds - Terra Nova incorporates the use of sustainable
building materials such as salvaged redwood, trex and other recycled
materials in our raised beds with gopher wire netting and drip
irrigation for low maintenance, no worries gardening.
Trellis - Edible, native and ornamental vines, as well as espaliered
fruit trees require trellises to help support their growth. Using
vertical space trellises allow climbing vines and flowers to provide
privacy, shade, and dimensionality to your garden. Trellises are
made from materials such as bamboo, other wood materials and recycled